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Lean Machines Sixteen Case
Studies On Lean
Manufacturing
From Manufacturing &
Technology News

Acronym Soup

Below are some of the acronyms our editors have picked up over the past eight years.

AAAS: American Association for the Advancement of Science
AAMA: American Apparel Manufacturers Association
AATC: American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists
ABB: Activity Based Budgeting
ABAP: Advanced Business Application Programming
ABC: Activity Based Costing
ABM: Activity Based Management
ABMS: Anything But Microsoft
ABS: Anti-lock Braking System
AC: Alternating Current
ACA: Automated Credit Authorization
ACE: American Council on Education
ACE: Automated Commercial Environment
ACIL: American Council of Independent Laboratories
ACV: All Commodity Volume
ADA: Americans with Disabilities Act
ADC: Analog to Digital Converter
ADC: Automated Data Collection
ADE: Automated Data Entry
ADEA: Age Discrimination Employment Act
ADP: Automatic Data Processing
ADSL: Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line
AESF: American Environmental Science Foundation
AFDC: Alternative Fuels Data Center
AFMA: American Fiber Manufacturers Association
AFUP: Alternative Fuels Utilization Program
AFV: Alternative Fuel Vehicle
AIA: Aerospace Industries Association
AIAG: Automotive Industry Action Group
AID: Agency for International Development
AID: Automatic Identification
AIM: Application Integration Middleware
AIMS: Agile Infrastructure for Manufactured Systems (program)
ALE: Atomic Layer Epitaxy
AM: Amplitude Modulation
AME: Association for Manufacturing Excellence
AMEL: Active Matrix Electroluminescent
AMH: Automated Material Handling
AMI: Acoustic Microscopy Imaging
AMI: American Methanol Institute
AML: Anti Monopoly Law
AMLCD: Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display
AMOLED: Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode
AMPS: American Mobile Phone System
AMT: Advanced Manufacturing Technology
AMT: The Association for Manufacturing Technology
ANN: Artificial Neural Networks
ANS: Advanced Networks and Services
ANSI: American National Standards Institute
ANX: Automotive Network Exchange
AOI: Automated Optical Inspection
AP: Accounts Payable
APEC: Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
API: Application Program Interface
APICS: American Production and Inventory Control Society
APO: Advanced Planning and Optimization
APQP: Advanced Product Quality Planning
APS: Advanced Planning and Scheduling
APS: Advanced Planning Systems
APS: Active Pixel Sensor
APTA: American Public Transit Association
AR: Accounts Receivable
ARC: Auto-Refrigerating Cascade
ASEAN: Association of Southeast Asian Nations
ASCII: American Standards Code for Information Interchange
ASC-X12: Accreditation Standards Committee (X12)
ASIC: Application Specific Integrated Circuit
ASIP: Application Specific Integrated Passive
ASM: Array Surface Mount
ASME: American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASN: Advanced Shipping Notice
ASP: Application Service Provider
ASQ: American Society for Quality
ASRS: Automated Storage Retrieval Systems
ASSP: Application Specific Standard Product
ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials
ATE: Automated Test Equipment
ATR: Automated Trouble Reporting
ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ATMA: American Textile Machinery Association
ATMI: American Textile Manufacturers Institute
ATO: Assemble To Order
ATP: Advanced Technology Program
ATP: Available To Promise
ATPA: Andean Trade Preferences Act
AV: Audio Visual
AXI: Automated X-ray Inspection
AVL: Approved Vendor List

BAA: Broad Agency Announcement
BAM: Bottleneck Allocation Methodology
BAPI: Business Application Programming Interface
BER: Bit Error Rate
BFN: Bye For Now
BGA: Ball Grid Array
BIC: Best In Class
BiCOMOS: Bipolar Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
BIOS: Basic Input Output Systems
BIST: Built In Self Test
BIT: Bilateral Investment Treaty
BLS: Bureau of Labor Statistics
BM: Buffer Management
BMP: Best Manufacturing Practices
BO: Business Object
BOD: Business Object Definition
BOGOF: Buy One Get One Free
BOI: Business Object Interface
BOH: Balance On Hand
BOM: Bill Of Materials
BOM: Business Object Model
BPR: Business Process Reengineering
BTF: Build To Forecast
BTO: Build To Order
BTS: Build To Stock
B2B: Business to Business
B2C: Business To Consumer

CAA: Clean Air Act
CAB: Change Authorization Board
CACM: Central American Common Market
CAD: Computer-Aided Design
CAE: Computer-Aided Engineering
CAFE: Corporate Average Fuel Economy
CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate
CAIV: Cost As (An) Independent Variable
CALS: Continuous Acquisition and Life-Cycle Support
CALS: Commerce At Light Speed
CAM: Computer-Aided Manufacturing
CAM: Customer Asset Management
CAM-I: Consortium for Advanced Manufacturing -- International
CAMU: Computerized Assembly Mock Up
CAPOSS: CApacity Planning and Operation Sequence Scheduling
CARB: California Air Resources Board
CARICOM: Caribbean Common Market
CASA: Computer and Automated Systems Association
CASE: Computer-Aided System Engineering
CATV: Community Antenna Television (Cable TV)
CBD: Commerce Business Daily
CBERA: Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act
CBI: Caribbean Basin Initative
CBM: Cubic Boron Nitride
CBO: Common Business Object
CBO: Congressional Budget Office
CBSA: Component Based Solution Assembly
CBT: Computer-Based Training
CCB: Change Control Board
CCD: Charge Couple Device
CCM: Color Changing Material
CCR: Central Contractor Registration
CD: Compact Disk
CDC: Centers for Disease Control
CDE: Common Desktop Environment
CDM: Collaborative Development Management
CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access
CEMS: Contract Electronic Manufacturing Services
CERCLA: Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Litigation Act
CFAR: Collaboration Forecasting and Replenishment
CFC: Chlorofluorocarbon
CFD: Computational Fluid Dynamics
CFM: Continuous Flow Manufacturing
CFTA: Canada Free Trade Agreement
CG: Consumer Goods
CGI: Common Gateway Interface
CGM: Computer Graphics Metafile
CGMP: Current Good Manufacturing Practices
CHF: Critical Heat Flux
CI: Compression Ignition
CI: Continuous Improvement
CID: Charge Injection Device
CIDI: Compression Ignition Direct Injection
CIDM: Customer-Integrated Decision Making
CINC: Commanders In Chief
CIO: Chief Information Officer
CIPE: Compressed Integrated Product Engineering
CIS: Contact Image Sensor
CISC: Complex Instruction Set Computer
CISET: Committee on International Science, Engineering and Technology
CLASS: Capacity Loading and Operation Sequence Scheduling
CLM: Council For Logistics Management
CM: Contract Manufacturer
CM: Change Management
CM: Configuration Management
CMOS: Complementary Metal Oxide on Silicon
CMRP: Capacitated Material Requirements Planning
CNC: Computer Numerical Control
CNG: Compressed Natural Gas
COA: Continuous Ordering Agreement
COB: Chip On Board
COBRA: Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985
CAFC: Container on Flat Car
CO: Carbon Monoxide
COB: Close of Business
CO2: Carbon Dioxide
COGS: Cost of Goods Sold
COLD: Computer Output To Laser Disk
COM: Component Object Model
COO: Cost of Ownership
CORBA: Common Object Request Broker Architecture
COS: Class of Service
COTS: Commercial Off The Shelf
CP: Cost Performance
CPIM: Certified in Production and Inventory Management
CPM: Certified Purchasing Manager
CPPS: Cost Performance Products Sector
CPU: Central Processing Unit
CQA: Certified Quality Auditor
CQE: Certified Quality Engineer
CR: Contrast Radio
CRADA: Cooperative Research and Development Agreement
CRAP: Crummy Resource Allocation Process
CRC: Cyclic Redundancy Check
CRM: Customer Relationship Management
CRP: Capacity Requirements Planning
CRP: Continuous Replenishment Program
CRT: Cathode Ray Tube
CRT: Current Reality Tree
CSBB: Client Side Browser Based
CSI: Customer Satisfaction Index
CSP: Chip Scale Packaging
CSP: Commerce Service Provider
CTE: Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
CTE: Committee on Trade and the Environment
CTG: Council for Trade in Goods
CTO: Configure To Order
CTP: Capability To Promise
CVD: Chemical Vapor Deposition
CVD: Countervailing Duty

DAMA: Design Anywhere Manufacture Anywhere
DARPA: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DAQ: Data Acquisition
DAS: Deputy Assistant Secretary
DAU: Defense Acquisition University
DBMS: Database Management System
DC: Direct Current
DC: Distribution Center
DCA: Direct Chip Attach
DCE: Distributed Computing Environment
DCOM: Digital Component Object Model
DCS: Digital Cellular System
DCS: Distributed Control System
DDE: Dynamic Data Exchange
DEM: Dynamic Enterprise Modeling
DES: Distributed Execution System
DFA: Design for Assembly
DFAA: Design for Automated Assembly
DFAS: Defense Finance and Accounting Service
DFB: Distributed Feedback
DFD: Design for Disassembly
DFE: Design For Environment
DFL: Demand Flow Leadership
DFM: Demand Flow Management
DFM: Demand Flow Manufacturing
DFM: Design For Manufacturability
DFS: Distributed Factory System
DFSC: Design for Supply Chain
DFT: Demand Flow Technology
DFX: Design For X
DI: Disability Insurance
DID: Digital Image Decoding
DIN: Deutsches Institut fur Normung (German national standards institute)
DISA: Defense Information Systems Agency
DLA: Defense Logistics Agency
DLL: Dynamic Linking Libraries
DMA: Digital Memory Access
DMD: Direct Metal Deposition
DMI: Digital Migration Interface
DNC: Direct Numerical Control
DNS: Domain Name System
DOC: Department of Commerce
DOD: Department of Defense
DOE: Department of Energy
DOE: Design of Experiments
DOL: Department of Labor
DOLAP: Desktop OnLine Analytical Processing
DOS: Department of State
DOT: Department of Transportation
DP: Design Postponement
DRAM: Dynamic Random Access Memory
DRC: Design Rule Checking
DRP: Distribution Requirements Planning
DSB: Dispute Settlement Body
DSC: Digital Still Camera
DSM: Distributed System Manager
DSMC: Defense Systems Management College
DSO: Days Sale Outstanding
DSOM: Distributed System Object Model
DSP: Digital Signal Processor
DSRP: Demand Solutions Requirements Planning
DSS: Decision Support Systems
DTD: Document Type Definition
DTP: Distributed Transaction Processing
DUT: Device Under Test DVD: Digital Video Disk
DW: Data Warehousing
DWDM: Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing

EA: Enterprise Application
EAI: External Application Interface
EBR: Electronic Batch Record
EBXML: Electronic Business XML
EC: Electronic Commerce
EC: Engineering Change
ECC: Error Correction Code
ECM: Engineering Change Management
ECN: Electronic Change Notice
ECO: Engineering (or Electronic) Change Order
ECR: Efficient Consumer Response
ECR: Engineering Change Request
ECRC: Electronic Commerce Resource Center
ECU: European Currency Unit
EDA: Electronic Document Access
EDA: Electronic Design Automation
EDA: Engineering Design Aids
EDGAR: Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval
EDI: Electronic Data Interchange
EDIFACT: Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport
EDM: Electronic Discharge Machine
EDM: Electronic Data Management
EDMS: Engineering Document Management Systems
EEOC: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
EES: Engineering Execution Systems
EFI: Electronic Freight Invoice
EFT: Electronic Funds Transfer
EFTA: European Free Trade Association
EIA: Electronic Industrial Alliance
EIC: Earned Income Credit
EIS: Executive Information System
EISA: Extended Industry Standard Architecture
ELV: End of Life Vehicle
EMAS: Eco-Management and Audit Scheme
EMC: Electromagnetic Compatibility
EMI: Early Manufacturing Involvement
EMI: Electronic Magnetic Interference
EMS: Effective Management Systems
EMS: Enhanced Messaging Service
EMS: Environmental Management System
EMS: Electronic Manufacturing Services
EMU: European Monetary Union
E&O: Excess and Obsolete
EOQ: Economic Order Quantity
EPA: Environmental Protection Agency
EPA: Equal Pay Act
EPACT: Energy Policy Act
EPSCOR: Experimental Program to Stimulate Cooperative Research
ERA: Electronic Remittance Advice
ERC: Engineering Reseach Center
ERISA: Employment Retirement Income Security Act
ERP: Enterprise Resource Planning
ERS: Evaluated Receipt Settlement
ESD: Electrostatic Discharge
ESE: Environmentally Sustainable Electronics
EST: Environment, Science and Technology
ETBE: Ethyl Tertiary-Butyl Alcohol ETO: Engineer To Order
ETP: Enterprise Transportation Planning
EU: European Union
EV: Electric Vehicle
EVA: Economic Value Added
EVM: Earned Value Management
EU: European Union
EZ/EC: Empowerment Zone/Enterprise Community

FA: Flexible Automation
FAA: Federal Aviation Administration
FACTS: Federal Agencies' Centralized Trial Balances System
FAM: Fixture Assisted Manual
FAR: Federal Acquisition Regulation
FAS: Final Assembly Schedule
FASAB: Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board
FAT: File Allocation Table
FBE: Framework Based Environment
FBI: Federal Bureau of Investigation
FCA: Flip Chip Assembly
FCC: Federal Communications Commission
FCEV: Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle
FCP: Finite Capacity Planning
FCP: Flip Chip Package
FCS: Finite Capacity Scheduling
FCS: Foreign Commercial Service
FDA: Food and Drug Administration
FDI: foreign Direct Investment
FDM: Frequency Data Multiplexing
FED: Field Emission Display
FEHA: Fair Employment and Housing Act
FEM: Finite Elements Method
FEMA: Federal Emergency Management Association
FHA: Federal Housing Administration
FHWA: Federal Highway Administration
FICA: Federal Insurance Contributions Act
FIFO: First In, First Out
FINCEN: Financial Crimes Enforcement Network
FIP: Factory Information Protocol
FIS: Factory Information System
FLSA: Fair Labor Standards Act
FM: Frequency Modulation
FME: Failing Manufacturing Enterprise
FMEA: Failure Mode and Effect Analysis
FMLA: Family Medical Leave Act
FMS: Financial Management Services
FMS: Flexible Manufacturing System
FO: Fiberoptic
FOIA: Freedom Of Information Act
FP: Finite Planning
FPA: Focal Plane Array
FPD: Flat Panel Display
FPDS: Fedeal Procurement Data System
FPI: Federal Prison Industries
FPT: Fine Pitch Technology
FRA: Federal Railroad Administration
FROG: Free Roaming On Grid
FRT: Future Reality Tree
FRU: Field Replaceable Units
FSAN: Full Services Access Network
FSK: Frequency Shift Keying
FSO: Foreign Service Officer
FTA: Federal Transit Authority
FTAA: Foreign Trade Area of the Americas
FTP: File Transfer Protocol
FTTC: Fiber to the Curb
FTTH: Fiber to the Home
FUD: Fear Uncertainty and Doubt
FUTA: Federal Unemployment Tax Act
FWPCA: Federal Water Pollution Control Act
FYI: For Your Information

GAAP: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
GaAs: Gallium Arsenide
GaN: Gallium Nitride
GAO: General Accounting Office
GATT: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GATS: General Agreement on Trade in Services
Gb: Gigabit
Gbs: Gigabit Per Second
GDP: Gross Domestic Product
GEC: Global Economic Commerce
GEM: Generic Equipment Model
GEO: Geosynchronous Earth Orbit
GHz: Gigahertz or billions of cycles per second
GIF: Graphic Interchange Format
GIS: Geographic Information System
GIS: Graphical Information System
GMP: Good Manufacturing Practices
GMROI: Gross Margin Return on Investment
GPRS: General Packet Radio Service
GPS: Global Positioning System
GSA: General Services Administration
GSM: Global System Mobile
GSP: Generalized System of Preferences
GUI: Graphical User Interface

HASA: Highly Accelerated Stress Audit
HBT: Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors
HC: Hydrocarbon
HCCD: Horizontal Charge Coupled Device
HDB: High Density Printed Board
HDD: Hard Disk Drive
HDI: High Density Interconnect
HE: Harsh Environment
HEA: Harsh Environment Automobile
HEC: Hybrid Electric Vehicle
HEM: Harsh Environment Military
HEMT: High Electron Mobility Transistor
HFET: Heterostructure Field Effect Transistor
HH: Hand Held
HHS: Department of Health and Human Services
HIPAA: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
HMD: Head Mounted Display
HMI: Human Machine Interface
HMO: Health Maintenance Organization
HOV: High Occupancy Vehicle
HP: High Performance
HPCC: High Performance Computing and Communications
HPPS: High Performance Product Sector
HPV: High Production Volume
HR: Human Resources
HRM: Human Resource Management
HSM: Hierarchical Storage Manager
HTML: Hypertext Markup Language
HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol
HUD: Heads Up Display
HUD: Department of Housing and Urban Development

IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IC: Integrated Circuit
ICE: Internal Combustion Engine
ICSU: International Council For Science
ICT: In-Circuit Text
IDB: Inter-American Development Bank
IDEMA: International Disk Drive Equipment and Materials Association
IDIS: Integrated Disbursement and Information System
IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force
IG: Inspector General
ILEV: Inherently Low Emission Vehicle
IMCS: Inventory Management and Control System
IMS: Insulated Metal Substrate
IMT: International Mobile Telephone
IMTI: Integrated Manufacturing Technology Initiative
INFORMS: Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences
INS: Immigration and Naturalization Service
I/O: Input Output
IP: Intellectual Property
IP: Internet Protocol
IPC: Institute for Interconnecting and Packaging Electronic Circuits
IPPD: Integrated Product and Process Development
IPR: Intellectual Property Rights
IPS: In-Plan Switching
IPT: Integrated Product Team
IQR: Inventory Quality Ratio
IR: Infrared
IRI: Industrial Research Institute
IRM: Integrated Resource Management
IS: Information System
ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO: International Standards Organization
ISTEA: Intermodal Surface Transportation Act
ISV: Independent Software Vendor
ISWG: Interoperability Service Working Group
IT: Information Technology
ITA: Information Technology Agremeement
ITAC: International Telework Association and Council
ITER: International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor
ITRI: Interconnection Technology Research Institute
ITRS: International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors
ITS: Intelligent Transportation System
ITSS: Information Technology Solutions Shop
ITU: International Technical Union

JDAM: Joint Direct Attack Munitions Program
JEIDA: Japan Electronic Industry Development Association
JESSI: Joint European Submicron Silicon Initiative
JIT: Just In Time
JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group

KBE: Knowledge-Based Engineering
KGD: Known Good Die
KPI: Key Performance Indicator
KW: Kilowatt
KWh: Kilowatt Hour

LAN: Local Area Network
LAP: Large Area Processing
LC: Low Cost
LCA: Life Cycle Assessment
LCC: Leadless Chip Carrier
LCC: Life Cycle Cost
LCD: Liquid Crystal Display
LCL: Less Than Container Load
LCOS: Liquid Crystal On Silicon
LCPC: Life Cycle Product Cost
LCTV: Liquid Crystal Television
LCPC: Life Cycle Product Cost
LED: Light Emitting Diode
LEO: Low Earth Orbit
LEP: Light Emitting Polymer
LEV: Low Emission Vehicle
LGA: Land Grid Array
LHC: Large Hadron Collider
LMDS: Local Multi-Point Distribution System
LNA: Local Noise Amplifier
LNG: Liquid Natural Gas
LPF: Low Pass Filter
LPG: Liquid Propane Gas
LSI: Large Scale Integration
LTCC: Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramic
LTL: Less Than Truckload
LVS: Layout Verification Systems

Acronyms M - Z

We welcome any additions you can make to this list. Please submit them to us by visiting our Comments page.

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